Cancer/Pediatric Oncology

Cancer is not a new disease of the modern era, but it is as old as humanity itself. The world’s oldest documented case of cancer hails from ancient Egypt in 3000 BC.  8 cases of breast tumors were recorded on the papyrus. They describe various cases of breast tumor together with a uterine carcinoma. That as of today, there are 50 cases of cancers reported on mummies diagnosed both radiologically and pathologically. The most common ones were bone sarcomas, nasopharyngeal or breast carcinomas.


Crab. The symbol of cancer disease…

The disease was first called cancer by Greek physician Hippocrates (460-370 BC). He is considered the “Father of Medicine.” In Greek this means a crab translating Greek karkinos, said to have been applied to such tumours because the swollen veins around them resembled the limbs of a crab.  Roman physician, Celsus (28-50 BC) translated the Greek term into cancer, the Latin word for crab.

Pediatric oncology is the research and treatment of cancers in children from birth to young adulthood. Pediatric oncologists study and train in both pediatrics and oncology. Because of this, pediatric oncologists specialize in treating infants, children, young adults and teenagers who have cancer. Pediatric oncology is a relatively new medical discipline. Pediatric Oncology started to become independent from the adulthood oncology in the sixties of the 20th century. Existence of pediatric oncology is based on an understanding of the fundamental differences between the tumors of children and adults.

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Asim Yoruk, MD

Yeditepe University Speciality Hospital
Koşuyolu Mah. Koşuyolu Cad. No: 168
34718 Kadıköy/İstanbul

T: +90 216 578 5080