Early diagnosis will save lives.

Clinical presentation of childhood cancer depends on:

  • Age of the patient
  • Type of tumor, size and growth pattern
  • Localization of tumor (origin)
  • Metastases and their localization

None of the symptoms of pediatric cancers are specific for malignancy and may be caused by a variety of other causes. Any symptom not responding to adequate treatment and lasting longer than 2-3 weeks, for which is no other explanation, should raise suspicion of a malignant tumor. These symptoms are:

Continued, unexplained weight loss
Headaches, often with early morning vomiting
Increased swelling or persistent pain in bones, joints, back, or legs
Lump or mass, especially in the abdomen, neck, chest, pelvis, or armpits
Development of excessive bruising, bleeding, or rash
Constant infections
A whitish color behind the pupil
Nausea which persists or vomiting without nausea
Constant tiredness or noticeable paleness
Eye or vision changes which occur suddenly and persist
Nedeni saptanamayan tekrarlayan veya sürekli ateşler

Some symptoms considered red flags are more specific but still not diagnostic of malignancy. Red flags include lymphadenopathy of greater than 2 centimeters (particularly if firm, non-tender, fixed or in the supraclavicular area), morning vomiting (especially if associated with headache or other neurologic symptoms), rapid vision changes, fever associated with pallor or persistent fevers associated with night sweats.


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Asim Yoruk, MD

Yeditepe University Speciality Hospital
Koşuyolu Mah. Koşuyolu Cad. No: 168
34718 Kadıköy/İstanbul

T: +90 216 578 5080
E: info@asimyoruk.com